Iron fortification of foods is usually considered the most cost-effective approach to prevent iron deficiency. However, iron is the most difficult mineral to add to foods. When added as water-soluble, highly bioavailable compounds such as ferrous sulfate, the soluble iron rapidly catalyzes fat oxidation resulting in rancid products. In addition, water-soluble iron compounds can cause unacceptable color reactions during storage and food preparation. Thus, food manufacturers are often obliged to use water-insoluble iron compounds to fortify foods and fortification compounds such as elemental Fe powder and ferric pyrophosphate are widely used to fortify cereal flours and infant cereals.
-Calcium Sodium Phosphosilicate
Calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) is a bioactive glass material that alleviates dentin hypersensitivity and is postulated to confer remineralization of caries lesions.